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Branch office, KK, GK, Company Registration, Tax, Social Insurance, etc.
Subsidiary Company Registration, Incorporation, Formation. Setting-up of a Kabushiki-Kaisha (KK Co.), Godo-Kaisha (GK Co.) in Japan. Opening up a legal entity and business presence in Japan.
A foreign company willing to establish a subsidiary company in Japan may choose from the following options:
There are also formats such as unlimited partnerships (Gomei-Kaisha) and limited partnerships (Goshi-Kaisha) under the Companies Act. Still, they are rarely chosen in practice because equity participants burden with complete(unlimited) rather than limited liability.
A subsidiary is a separate legal entity from the foreign parent company. Therefore a foreign company will bear the liability of an equity participant stipulated by law for all debts and credits generated by the subsidiary company's activities. The minimum requirement for establishing a subsidiary co in Japan is to have a local physical address (not a PO Box) and a local “Resident in Japan.” [Please see the “Note(a)” below re exception for a local “Resident in Japan.”] Local Resident in Japan could be either a Japanese or a foreign national, but the person must have an appropriate residence status as per immigration law for a foreign national.
Note(a): The exception is allowed that "No Local Resident in Japan" is required as a mandatory requirement for registration of a “subsidiary company” since the change of regulation effective Mar'2015.
Japanese govt. has allowed foreign companies to register a local subsidiary company(Kabushiki-Kaisha [KK] or Godo-Kaisha [GK]) in Japan without a local “Resident in Japan."
The features of Kabushiki-Kaisha [KK Co.] and Godo-Kaisha [GK Co.] Limited Liability Company at a glance:
Time-frame for registration: For the procedure, please refer to the registration flowchart of Kabushiki-Kaisha [KK] Co. & Godo-Kaisha [GK] Co. Upon applying to Legal Affairs Bureau for registration, it takes about 2(two) weeks to obtain the registration certificate.
Corporate Number (NTA)
Japan Tax (NTA)
My Number (Japan)
Social Insurance (Japan)
Immigration Bureau (Japan)
Japan Visa (MOFA)